Water Science and Engineering 2018, 11(2) 139-146 DOI:   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2018.07.007  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

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Keywords
Mu Us Sandy Land
sandy land
DSWR
precipitation
wetting front
Authors
Yi-ben Cheng
Hong-bin Zhan
Wen-bin Yang
Fang Bao
PubMed
Article by Yi-ben Cheng
Article by Hong-bin Zhan
Article by Wen-bin Yang
Article by Fang Bao

Deep soil water recharge response to precipitation in Mu Us Sandy Land of China

Yi-ben Cheng a,b,c,*, Hong-bin Zhan c, Wen-bin Yang b, Fang Bao b

a School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
b Institute of Desertification Studies, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100093, China
c Department of Geology & Geophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station TX 77843-3115, USA

Abstract

Soil water is the main form of water in desert areas, and its primary source is precipitation, which has a vital impact on the changes in soil moisture and plays an important role in deep soil water recharge (DSWR) in sandy areas. This study investigated the soil water response of mobile sand dunes to precipitation in a semi-arid sandy area of China. Precipitation and soil moisture sensors were used to simultaneously monitor the precipitation and the soil water content (SWC) dynamics of the upper 200-cm soil layer of mobile sand dunes located at the northeastern edge of the Mu Us Sandy Land of China in 2013. The data were used to analyze the characteristics of SWC, infiltration, and eventually DSWR. The results show that the accumulated precipitation (494 mm) from April 1 to November 1 of 2013 significantly influenced SWC at soil depths of 0 to 200 cm. When SWC in the upper 200-cm soil layer was relatively low (6.49%), the wetting front associated with 53.8 mm of accumulated precipitation could reach the 200-cm deep soil layer. When the SWC of the upper 200-cm soil layer was relatively high (10.22%), the wetting front associated with the 24.2 mm of accumulated precipitation could reach the upper 200-cm deep soil layer. Of the accumulated 494-mm precipitation in 2013, 103.2 mm of precipitation eventually became DSWR, accounting for 20.9% of the precipitation of that year. The annual soil moisture increase was 54.26 mm in 2013. Accurate calculation of DSWR will have important theoretical and practical significance for desert water resources assessment and ecological construction

Keywords Mu Us Sandy Land   sandy land   DSWR   precipitation   wetting front  
Received 2017-05-27 Revised 2018-03-13 Online: 2018-04-30 
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2018.07.007
Fund:

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41661006), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Non-Profit Research Institution of Chinese Academy of Forestry (Grant No. CAFYBB2014QB046), and Chinese Scholarship Council.

Corresponding Authors: Yi-ben Cheng
Email: chengyiben07@gmail.com
About author:

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