Water Science and Engineering 2017, 10(4) 311-319 DOI:   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2017.12.009  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

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Keywords
Coastline
Suspended sediment concentration
Water-sediment regulation
Remote sensing
Yellow River Estuary
Authors
PubMed

Effect of water-sediment regulation and its impact on coastline and suspended sediment concentration in Yellow River Estuary

Hai-bo Yang a,b, En-chong Li a, Yong Zhao c,*, Qiu-hua Liang d

a School of Water Conservancy and Environmental Engineering , Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
b State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
c State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
d School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University, NE1 7RU, UK

Abstract

Implementation of the water-sediment regulation (WSR) scheme, mainly focused on solving the sedimentation problems of reservoirs and the lower reaches of the Yellow River, has inevitably influenced the sediment distribution and coastal morphology of the Yellow River Estuary (YRE). Using coastline delineation and suspended sediment concentration (SSC) retrieval methods, this paper investigated the water and sediment changes, identified the detailed inter-annual and intra-annual variations of coastline and suspended sediment concentration (SSC) in the normal period (NP: 1986-2001, before and after the flood season) and WSR period (WSRP: 2002-2013, before and after WSR). The results indicate that (1) the sedimentation in the low reaches of the Yellow River turned into erosion from 2002, (2) the inter-annual coastline changes were divided into the accretion stage (1986–1996), slow erosion stage (1996–2002), and slow accretion stage (2002–2013), (3) the intra-annual coastline extension in the river mouth occurred in most years of the WSRP, and (4) the mean intra-annual accretion area was 0.789 km2 in the NP and 4.73 km2 in the WSRP, and the mean SSC increased from 238 mg/L to 293 mg/L in the NP and from 192 mg/L to 264 mg/L in the WSRP.

Keywords Coastline   Suspended sediment concentration   Water-sediment regulation   Remote sensing   Yellow River Estuary  
Received 2017-04-25 Revised 2017-09-28 Online: 2017-10-30 
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2017.12.009
Fund:

This work was supported by the Open Fund of the State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety (Grant No. HESS-1705),the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41101561), Scientific and Technological Project of Henan Province (Grant No. 162102410066), State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, and China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (Grant No. IWHR-SKL-201701).

Corresponding Authors: zhaoyong@iwhr.com (Yong Zhao)
Email: zhaoyong@iwhr.com
About author:

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