Water Science and Engineering 2017, 10(3) 236-245 DOI:   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2017.10.004  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

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Porous media
Hydrodynamic force
Xiu-feng Zhang
Xue-ying Mei
Article by Xiu-feng Zhang
Article by Xue-ying Mei

Experimental and theoretical study of coupled influence of flow velocity increment and particle size on particle retention and release in porous media

Xing-xin Chen a,b,*, Qi-peng Cai b, Zhong-han Wu c

a School of Transportation, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
b School of Civil Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021, China
c School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China


Experimental and theoretical studies were carried out to investigate the coupled influence of flow velocity increment and particle size on the retention and release of particles in porous media. Particle release was examined through measurement of changes in effluent particle concentrations, and particle retention was assessed through measurement of the final spatial distribution of particles remaining in the soil columns after the experiments. Particle release curves were simulated using a convection-dispersion model that includes the instantaneous release of the line source. Fitted model parameters were used to gain insights into the mechanisms that control particle retention and release. When the flow velocity increment was 0.0435 cm/s, the peak concentration of particles decreased with increasing flow velocity until the latter approached a critical level, beyond which the particle concentration increased. Particle wedging and fouling were considered the primary mechanisms that controlled particle retention and release beyond the critical particle velocity. In experiments with large flow velocity increments, small particles exhibited lower particle mass fraction than large particles as particle wedging and fouling increased with particle size. The range of longitudinal dispersivity decreased with an increasing particle size and flow velocity increment. Moreover, the mean particle velocity increased with the mean interstitial fluid velocity. The mean particle velocity profile was highly sensitive to the particle size at low velocity increments. In general, particle release rates increased with both flow velocity and velocity increment. The mass of the released particles provides further evidence that particle wedging and fouling are the major factors that control particle release in sand columns.

Keywords Particle   Porous media   Retention   Release   Hydrodynamic force  
Received 2016-10-13 Revised 2017-04-17 Online: 2017-07-30 
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2017.10.004

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51308235), the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province of China (Grant No. 2015J01209), and the Project Funded by the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2015M580384).

Corresponding Authors: cxx0910@gmail.com (Xing-xin Chen).
Email: cxx0910@gmail.com
About author:


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