Water Science and Engineering 2017, 10(1) 78-85 DOI:   http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2017.03.001  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

Current Issue | Archive | Search                                                            [Print]   [Close]
Information and Service
This Article
Supporting info
Service and feedback
Email this article to a colleague
Add to Bookshelf
Add to Citation Manager
Cite This Article
Email Alert
Flood discharge
Environmental vibration
Vibration characteristics
Influencing factor
Prototype observation
Xin Wang
Ya-an Hu
Shao-ze Luo
Lu-chen Zhang
Bo Wu
Article by Xin Wang
Article by Ya-an Hu
Article by Shao-ze Luo
Article by Lu-chen Zhang
Article by Bo Wu

Prototype observation and influencing factors of environmental vibration induced by flood discharge

Xin Wang a,b,*, Ya-an Hu a,c, Shao-ze Luo a, Lu-chen Zhang a, Bo Wu a

a Hydraulic Engineering Department, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing 210029, China
b State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing 210029, China
c Key Laboratory of Navigation Structure Construction Technology of Ministry of Transport, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing 210029, China


Due to a wide range of field vibration problems caused by flood discharge at the Xiangjiaba hydropower station, vibration characteristics and influencing factors were investigated based on prototype observation. The results indicate that field vibrations caused by flood discharge have distinctive characteristics of constancy, low frequency, small amplitude, and randomness with impact, which significantly differ from the common high-frequency vibration characteristics. Field vibrations have a main frequency of about 0.5 to 3.0 Hz and the characteristics of long propagation distance and large-scale impact. The vibration of a stilling basin slab runs mainly in the vertical direction. The vibration response of the guide wall perpendicular to the flow is significantly stronger than it is in other directions and decreases linearly downstream along the guide wall. The vibration response of the underground turbine floor is mainly caused by the load of units operation. Urban environmental vibration has particular distribution characteristics and change patterns, and is greatly affected by discharge, scheduling modes, and geological conditions. Along with the increase of the height of residential buildings, vibration responses show a significant amplification effect. The horizontal and vertical vibrations of the 7th floor are, respectively, about 6 times and 1.5 times stronger than the corresponding vibrations of the 1st floor. The vibration of a large-scale chemical plant presents the combined action of flood discharge and working machines. Meanwhile, it is very difficult to reduce the low-frequency environmental vibrations. Optimization of the discharge scheduling mode is one of the effective measures of reducing the flow impact loads at present. Choosing reasonable dam sites is crucial.

Keywords Flood discharge   Environmental vibration   Vibration characteristics   Influencing factor   Prototype observation  
Received 2016-01-28 Revised 2016-11-11 Online: 2017-01-31 
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2017.03.001

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 51479124 and 51109143), the Open Cooperation Fund of State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering (Grant No. SKHL1422), and the Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute Foundation (Grant No. Y115006)

Corresponding Authors: Xin Wang
Email: xwang@nhri.cn
About author:


Cai, Z.X., Huang, M.S., 2013. Vibration tests on crossing-river tunnel under tidal bore. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 35(s2), 869–873. http://dx.doi.org/1000-4548(2013)S2-0869-05 (in Chinese).
Fukada, S., Usui, K., Yoshimura, T., Okada, T., Hama, H., Kishi, T., 2012. Effectiveness of dampers in controlling a vibration problem near a highway bridge. Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring, 2(2), 109–122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13349-012-0022-3.
Huang, J.L., Li, H.K., 2011. Safety evaluation and feedback analysis of guide wall structure under flood discharge excitation. In: Second International Conference on Mechanic Automation and Control Engineering. IEEE, pp. 6064–6067. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MACE.2011.5988420.
Lee, C.L., Wang, Y.P., 2012. Assessment of vibrations induced in factories by automated guided vehicles. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Structures and Buildings, 166(4), 182–196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/stbu.11.00036.
Lian, J.J., 1998. Study on flow induced vibration of spillway guide wall. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 29(11), 33–37. http://dx.doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:0559-9350.1998.11.007 (in Chinese).
Lian, J.J., Ma, B., 2007. Back analysis algorithm for response of flow-induced vibration in overflow high dam. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 38(5), 575–581. http://dx.doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:0559-9350.2007.05.010.f (in Chinese).
Pérez, J.L., Benítez, L.H., Oliver, M., Climent, H., 2011. Survey of aircraft structural dynamics nonlinear problems and some recent solutions. Aeronautical Journal, 115(1173), 653–668. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0001924000006382.
Sanchez, D., Salazar, J.E. 2010. On the effects of water discharge through radial gates at the Caruachi Dam. In: ASME 2010 10th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, pp. 1–5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/ESDA2010-24080.
Sharp, C., Woodcock, J., Sica, G., Peris, E., Moorhouse, A.T., Waddington, D.C., 2014. Exposure-response relationships for annoyance due to freight and passenger railway vibration exposure in residential environments. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 135(1), 205–212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4836115.
Shumakova, E.M., Kotlyakova, A.V., 2010. The effect of vibrations in the Zhigulevskii hydropower structure on soils in the nearby territories of Tolyatti City. Water Resources, 37(3), 306–310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S009780781003005X.
Wang, X., Li, T.C., Zhao, L.H., 2009. Vibration analysis of large bulb tubular pump house under pressure pulsations. Water Science and Engineering, 2(1), 86–94. http://dx.doi.org/10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2009.01.008.
Wang, X., Luo, S.Z., 2012. Flow-induced vibration study of tunnel spillway working gate on one reservoir. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 16(13), 226–228. http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.226-228.13.
Wang, X., Yan, X.J., 2013. Dynamic optimization and flow-induced vibration study on plate valve of ship lock. Port & Waterway Engineering, (12), 151–154. http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1002-4972.2013.12.029 (in Chinese).
Wang, X., Luo, S.Z., Liu, G.S., Zhang, L.C., Wang, Y., 2014. Abrasion test of flexible protective materials on hydraulic structures. Water Science and Engineering, 7(1), 106–116. http://dx.doi.org/10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2014.01.011.
Xia, H., Chen, J.G., Wei, P.B., Xia, C.Y., 2009. Experimental investigation of railway train-induced vibrations of surrounding ground and a nearby multi-story building. Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, 8(1), 137–148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11803-009-8101-0.
Yin, R.G., Zhang, J.H., 2014. Vibration source and shock absorption scheme research of near-field vibration caused by flood discharge and energy dissipation of a stilling pool. Rock Mechanics and Its Applications in Civil, Mining, and Petroleum Engineering, 107–116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784413395.013.

Similar articles
1.Zhou Hui*1, 2, Wu Shiqiang1, 2, Chen Huiling2, Zhou Jie1, 2, Wu Xiufeng1, 2.Similarity criterion of flood discharge atomization[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2008,1(2): 59-65

Copyright by Water Science and Engineering