Water Science and Engineering 2017, 10(1) 59-69 DOI:   http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2017.03.003  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

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Keywords
Cluster land reclamation
Coastline geometry variation
Storm surge
Jiaojiang Estuary
Typhoon Winnie
Authors
Zhi-lin Sun
Sen-jun Huang
Jian-ge Jiao
Hui Nie
Mei Lu
PubMed
Article by Zhi-lin Sun
Article by Sen-jun Huang
Article by Jian-ge Jiao
Article by Hui Nie
Article by Mei Lu

Effects of cluster land reclamation projects on storm surge in Jiaojiang Estuary, China

Zhi-lin Sun a,*, Sen-jun Huang a, Jian-ge Jiao a, Hui Nie b, Mei Lu c

a Ocean College, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
b Science and Technology Department, Zhejiang University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Hangzhou 310018, China
c Zhejiang Province Ocean and Fisheries Bureau, Hangzhou 310007, China

Abstract

Variations in coastline geometry caused by coastal engineering affect tides, storm surges, and storm tides. Three cluster land reclamation projects have been planned for construction in the Jiaojiang Estuary during the period from 2011 to 2023. They will cause significant changes in coastline geometry. In this study, a surge-tide coupled model was established based on a three-dimensional finite-volume coastal ocean model (FVCOM). A series of numerical experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of variations in coastline geometry on tides, storm surges, and storm tides. This model was calibrated using data observed at the Haimen and Ruian gauge stations and then used to reproduce the tides, storm surges, and storm tides in the Jiaojiang Estuary caused by Typhoon Winnie in 1997. Results show that the high tide level, peak storm surge, and high storm tide level at the Haimen Gauge Station increased along with the completion of reclamation projects, and the maximum increments caused by the third project were 0.13 m, 0.50 m, and 0.43 m, respectively. The envelopes with maximum storm tide levels of 7.0 m and 8.0 m inside the river mouth appeared to move seaward, with the latter shifting 1.8 km, 3.3 km, and 4.4 km due to the first project, second project, and third project, respectively. The results achieved in this study contribute to reducing the effects of, and preventing storm disasters after the land reclamation in the Jiaojiang Estuary.

Keywords Cluster land reclamation   Coastline geometry variation   Storm surge   Jiaojiang Estuary   Typhoon Winnie  
Received 2016-04-11 Revised 2016-10-22 Online: 2017-01-31 
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2017.03.003
Fund:

This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 40776007), and Projects Founded by the Science and Technology Department of Zhejiang Province (Grant No. 2009C03008-1).

Corresponding Authors: Zhi-lin Sun
Email: oceansun@zju.edu.cn
About author:

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