Water Science and Engineering 2017, 10(1) 8-16 DOI:   http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2017.03.011  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

Current Issue | Archive | Search                                                            [Print]   [Close]
Information and Service
This Article
Supporting info
Service and feedback
Email this article to a colleague
Add to Bookshelf
Add to Citation Manager
Cite This Article
Email Alert
Jiangsu coast
Typhoon-induced storm surge
Numerical simulation
Holland parameter model
Jin-hai Zheng
Jin-cheng Wang
Chun-yan Zhou
Hong-jun Zhao
Sang Sang
Article by Jin-hai Zheng
Article by Jin-cheng Wang
Article by Chun-yan Zhou
Article by Hong-jun Zhao
Article by Sang Sang

Numerical simulation of typhoon-induced storm surge along Jiangsu coast, Part II: Calculation of storm surge

Jin-hai Zheng a,b,*, Jin-cheng Wang a,b, Chun-yan Zhou a,b, Hong-jun Zhao a,b, Sang Sang a,b

a Key Laboratory of Coastal Disaster and Defence (Hohai University), Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210098, China
b College of Harbor Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China


The Jiangsu coastal area is located in central-eastern China and is well known for complicated dynamics with large-scale radial sand ridge systems. It is therefore a challenge to simulate typhoon-induced storm surges in this area. In this study, a two-dimensional astronomical tide and storm surge coupling model was established to simulate three typical types of typhoons in the area. The Holland parameter model was used to simulate the wind field and wind pressure of typhoon and the Japanese 55-year reanalysis data were added as the background wind field. The offshore boundary information was provided by an improved Northwest Pacific Ocean Tide Model. Typhoon-induced storm surges along the Jiangsu coast were calculated based on analysis of wind data from 1949 to 2013 and the spatial distribution of the maximum storm surge levels under different types of typhoons, providing references for the design of sea dikes and planning for control of coastal disasters.

Keywords Jiangsu coast   Typhoon-induced storm surge   Numerical simulation   Holland parameter model   ADCIRC  
Received 2016-06-22 Revised 2016-12-15 Online: 2017-01-31 
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2017.03.011

This work was supported by the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (Grant No. 51425901) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41606042).

Corresponding Authors: Jin-hai Zheng
Email: jhzheng@hhu.edu.cn
About author:


Carr, L.E., Elsberr, Y.L., 1997. Models of tropical cyclone wind distribution and beta-effect propagation for application to the tropical cyclone track forecasting. Monthly Weather Review, 125, 3190-3209. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1997)125<3190:MOTCWD>2.0.CO;2.
Chen, K.F., Wang, Y.H., Lu, P.D., Zheng, J.H., 2009. Effects of coastline changes on tide system of Yellow Sea off Jiangsu Coast, China. China Ocean Engineering, 23(4), 741-750.
Harada, Y., Kamahori, H., Kobayashi, C., Endo, H., Kobayashi, S., Ota, Y., Onoda, H., Onogi, K., Miyaoka, K., Takahashi, K., 2016. The JRA-55 reanalysis: Representation of atmospheric circulation and climate variability. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 94(3), 269-302. http://dx.doi.org/10.2151/jmsj.2016-015.
Harper, B, Hardy, T, Mason, L., 2001. Queensland Climate Change and Community Vulnerability to Tropical Cyclones: Ocean Hazards Assessment Stage 1. Department of Natural Resources and Mines, Queensland.
Kobayashi, C., Iwasaki, T., 2016 Brewer-Dobson circulation diagnosed from JRA-55. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121(4), 1493-1510. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JD023476.
Liang, H., Zou, X., 2004. Calculation of overland risk of storm surge off the Haikou Bay. Marine Science Bulletin, 23(3), 20-26. http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1001-6392.2004.03.003 (in Chinese).
Luettich, R.A., Westerink, J.J., Scheffner, N.W., 1992. ADCIRC: An Advanced Three-dimensional Circulation Model for Shelves Coasts and Estuaries, Report 1: Theory and Methodology of ADCIRC-2DDI and ADCIRC-3DL, Dredging Research Program Technical Report DRP-92-6, U.S. Army Engineers Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg.
Luettich, R.A., Westerink, J.J., 2015. Advanced Circulation Model for Oceanic, Coastal and Estuarine Waters, User’s Manual-v51. University of North Carolina, Morehead.
Matsumoto, K., Takanezawa, T., Ooe, M., 2000. Ocean tide models developed by assimilating TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter data into hydrodynamical model: A global model and a regional model around Japan, Journal of Oceanography, 56(5), 567-581 http://dx.doi.10.1023/A:1011157212596.
Miyazaki, M., 1977. Marine Physics. Tunghai University Press, Taizhong.
National Nuclear Safety Administration of China, 1990. HAF0111: The Confirmation of Design Basis Flood on Site Elevation of Seaside Nuclear Power Station. National Nuclear Safety Administration of China, Beijing.
Wang, J., 2015. Typhoon Storm Surge Simulation and Possible Maximum Storm Surge along Jiangsu Coast. M. E. Dissertation. Hohai University, Nanjing (in Chinese).
Wang, X., Zhai, J., Dong, P., Fan, F., 2015. A study of storm surge in Jiangsu sea waters based on a typhoon parameter model. Hydro-Science and Engineering, (2), 61-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.16198/j.cnki.1009-640x.2015.02.010 (in Chinese).
Wu, S., Wang, X., Yu, F., Dai, M., Ye, L., Chen, X., Yin, J., 2002. Extratropical storm surge and calculation of probable maximum extratropical storm surge in Lianyungang. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 24(5), 8-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:0253-4193.2002.05.002 (in Chinese).
Ying, M., Zhang, W., Yu, H., Lu, X.Q., Feng, J.X., 2014. An overview of the China Meteorological Administration tropical cyclone database. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31(2), 287-301. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00119.1.
Yu, F., Wang, X., Dai, M., 2002. Analysis and numerical simulation of some severe extratropical storm surges influenced on Lianyungang. Marine Forecast, 19(1), 113-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0239.2002.01.018 (in Chinese).
Yu, L., Chen, K., Lu, P., Zhang, J., 2014. A study of storm surge in radial sand ridges under sea level rising. Hydro-Science and Engineering, (6), 52-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.16198/j.cnki.1009-640x.2014.06.003 (in Chinese).
Zhang, C., Zheng, J.H., Dong, X.W., Cao, K., Zhang, J.S., 2013. Morphodynamic response of Xiaomiaohong tidal channel to a coastal reclamation project in Jiangsu Coast, China. Journal of Coastal Research, SI(65), 630-635. http://dx.doi.org/10.2112/SI65-107.1.
Zhang, W., Chen, C., Li, X., Zhang, J., 2012. The impact of coastal engineering on high water level of storm surges in Bohai Bay, The Ocean Engineering, 30(2), 72-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.16483/j.issn.1005-9865.2012.02.018 (in Chinese).
Zhang, X., 2008. Numerical Model Study on the Storm Surge along the Jiangsu Coast. Ph. D. Dissertation. Hohai University, Nanjing (in Chinese).
Zhao, H., Song, Z., Xu, F., Cheng, C., 2010. Numerical simulation of typhoon waves in the South China Sea: A case study of typhoon Chanchu. The Ocean Engineering, 28(3), 128-134. http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1005-9865.2010.03.021 (in Chinese).
Zheng, J.H, Sang, S., Wang, J.C., Zhou, C.Y., Zhao, H.J., 2017. Numerical simulation of typhoon-induced storm surge along Jiangsu coast, Part I: Analysis of tropical cyclone. Water Science and Engineering, 10(1), 1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2017.03.004.

Similar articles

Zheng Jinhai1; H. Mase2; Li Tongfei1


Modeling of random wave transformation with strong wave-induced coastal currents

[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2008,1(1): 18-26
2.Yong FAN.Application of 2-D sediment model to fluctuating backwater area of Yangtze River[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2009,2(3): 37-47
3.Ning HE;Zhen-xing ZHAO.Theoretical and numerical study of hydraulic characteristics of orifice energy dissipator[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(2): 190-199
4.Ying-wei SUN, Hai-gui KANG*.Application of CLEAR-VOF method to wave and flow simulations[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2012,5(1): 67-78
5.Shu-he WEI; Liao-jun ZHANG.Vibration analysis of hydropower house based on fluid-structure coupling numerical method[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(1): 75-84
6.Yan ZHANG; Jian-fu SHAO.Elastoplastic cup model for cement-based materials[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(1): 102-112
7. Yong-tao WANG, Zhong-min YAN, Hui-min WANG.Numerical simulation of low-Reynolds number flows past two tandem cylinders of different diameters[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2013,6(4): 433-445
8.Ze-gao YIN;Xian-wei Cao; Hong-da SHI; Jian MA.Numerical simulation of flow past circular duct[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(2): 208-216
9.Li-ping CHEN, Jun-cheng JIANG.Experiments and numerical simulations on transport of dissolved pollutants around spur dike[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(3): 341-353
10.Cheng-gang LU, Zhou-hu WU, Guo-feng HE, Jie ZHU, Gui-yong XIAO.Numerical simulation of sediment deposition thickness at Beidaihe International Yacht Club[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(3): 313-320
11.Jun CHEN, Hong-wu TANG.Multi-approach analysis of maximum riverbed scour depth above a subway tunnel[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(4): 431-442
12. Ping-zhou CAO, Guang-zhong LIU, Kai WU.Study of heat treatment parameters for large-scale hydraulic steel gate track  [J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2013,6(4): 423-432
13.Rasool GHOBADIAN; Kamran MOHAMMADI.Simulation of subcritical flow pattern in 180o  uniform and convergent open-channel bends using SSIIM 3-D model[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2011,4(3): 270-283
14.Lin HAN; Zi-ming ZHANG; Zhi-qiang NI.Application of SSOR-PCG method with improved iteration format in FEM simulation of massive concrete[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2011,4(3): 317-328
15. Sheng Qiang, Zhi-qiang Xie, Rui Zhong.A p-version embedded model for simulation of concrete temperature fields with cooling pipes[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2015,8(3): 248-256

Copyright by Water Science and Engineering