Water Science and Engineering 2013, 6(1) 31-43 DOI:   10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2013.01.003  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

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 Xin’anjiang model
snow energy and mass balance model
rain-on-snow event
H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest
QU Sai-Min
Article by Qu,S.M

Test of newly developed conceptual hydrological model for simulation of rain-on-snow events in forested watershed

Si-min QU*1, 2, 3, Han LIU1, 2, Yan-ping CUI1, 2, Peng SHI1, 2, Wei-min BAO1, 2, Zhong-bo YU1, 2

1. State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P. R. China
2. College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P. R. China
3. Department of Forest Engineering, Resources and Management, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA


A conceptual hydrological model that links the Xin’anjiang hydrological model and a physically based snow energy and mass balance model, described as the XINSNOBAL model,  was developed in this study for simulating rain-on-snow events that commonly occur in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. The resultant model was applied to the Lookout Creek Watershed in the H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest in the western Cascade Mountains of Oregon, and its ability to simulate streamflow was evaluated. The simulation was conducted at 24-hour and one-hour time scales for the period of 1996 to 2005. The results indicated that runoff and peak discharge could be underestimated if snowpack accumulation and snowmelt under rain-on-snow conditions were not taken into account. The average deterministic coefficient of the hourly model in streamflow simulation in the calibration stage was 0.837, which was significantly improved over the value of 0.762 when the Xin’anjiang model was used alone. Good simulation performance of the XINSNOBAL model in the WS10 catchment, using the calibrated parameter of the Lookout Creek Watershed for proxy-basin testing, demonstrates that transplanting model parameters between similar watersheds can provide a useful tool for discharge forecasting in ungauged basins.

Keywords  Xin’anjiang model   snow energy and mass balance model   rain-on-snow event   H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest  
Received 2011-07-21 Revised 2011-11-23 Online: 2013-01-30 
DOI: 10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2013.01.003

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 40901015 and 41001011), the Major Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 51190090 and 51190091), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grants No. B1020062 and B1020072), the Ph. D. Programs Foundation of the Ministry of Education of China (Grant No. 20090094120008), the Special Fund of State Key Laboratories of China (Grants No. 2009586412 and  2009585412), and the Programme of Introducing Talents of Disciplines to Universities of the Ministry of Education and State Administration of the Foreign Experts Affairs of China (the 111 Project, Grant No. B08048).

Corresponding Authors: Si-min QU
Email: wanily@hhu.edu.cn
About author:


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