Water Science and Engineering 2010, 3(2) 132-143 DOI:   10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2010.02.002  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

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Keywords
rainwater harvesting
surface water
management options
water resources
Faria Catchment
arid and semi-arid catchments
TRAIN-ZIN model
Authors
SAMEER -SHADEED
JENS -Lange
PubMed
Article by Sameer,.S
Article by Jens,.L

Rainwater harvesting to alleviate water scarcity in dry conditions: A case study in Faria Catchment, Palestine

Sameer SHADEED*1, Jens LANGE2

1. Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, An-Najah National University, P. O. Box 7, Nablus, Palestine
2. Institute of Hydrology, University of Freiburg, P. O. Box 79098, Freiburg, Germany

Abstract

In arid and semi-arid regions, the availability of adequate water of appropriate quality has become a limiting factor for development. This paper aims to evaluate the potential for rainwater harvesting in the arid to semi-arid Faria Catchment, in the West Bank, Palestine. Under current conditions, the supply-demand gap is increasing due to the increasing water demands of a growing population with hydrologically limited and uncertain supplies. By 2015, the gap is estimated to reach 4.5 × 106 m3. This study used the process-oriented and physically-based TRAIN-ZIN model to evaluate two different rainwater harvesting techniques during two rainfall events. The analysis shows that there is a theoretical potential for harvesting an additional 4 × 106 m3 of surface water over the entire catchment. Thus, it is essential to manage the potential available surface water supplies in the catchment to save water for dry periods when the supply-demand gap is comparatively high. Then a valuable contribution to bridging the supply-demand gap can be made

Keywords rainwater harvesting   surface water   management options   water resources   Faria Catchment   arid and semi-arid catchments   TRAIN-ZIN model  
Received 2010-06-25 Revised  Online: 2010-06-25 
DOI: 10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2010.02.002
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Corresponding Authors: Sameer SHADEED
Email: sshadeed@najah.edu
About author:

References:

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